Chocolate Art

16TH CENTURY

A Mayan chief forbids a person from touching a jar of chocolate, in the 16th century.

Mujer_vertiendo_chocolate_-_Codex_Tudela

An Aztec woman generates foam by pouring chocolate from one vessel into another in the Codex Tudela, 16th century.

17TH CENTURY

Philippe_Sylvestre_Dufour_Chocolat_17th_century

“Traités nouveaux & curieux du café du thé et du chocolate,” by Philippe Sylvestre Dufour, 1685.

By the early 17th century, chocolate was a popular elite beverage in Spain, served at Court along with sweets, pastries and snow. A Catalan tile work, dating from 1710 (below), depicts a Xocolatada or Chocolatada, a social custom where the Spanish made and consumed chocolate in public, as a communal, but still elite, tradition. La Xocolatada is found at the Ceramics Museum in Barcelona.

xocolatada ceramics museum barcelona 001

A blogger reports that we “made our way to the local Valor chocolate shop for a final cup of chocolate. Nearly every Valor shop has a ceramic tile mural with a scene of what appears to be a seventeenth century chocolate party.” The photograph below accompanies the blog.

madrid.xocolatada ceramics museum barcelona blog

A detail (below) shows how the chocolate was prepared.

1200px-Xocolatada_-_Madrid wikipedia

Chocolate became a fashionable drink of the nobility after the discovery of the Americas.

18TH CENTURY

chocolate-house-london-c1708 dark chocolate site

The picture above is of a London chocolate house in about 1708. Notice the silver chocolate pots on the tables.

366px-BLW_Chocolate_Pot V&A Museum

This chocolate pot now in the Victoria and Albert Museum is from London, 1714-1715. It has a hinged finial to insert a molinet or swizzle stick.  

chocolate_4_ foods from spain 18th

“Still life with chocolate service and pastries” (above) by Luis Meledez (1716-1780) in the Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain, shows a chocolate pot with a swizzle stick. The swizzle stick was used to stir the hot chocolate before pouring. 

Pietro_Longhi_025 venice wikipedia

And this is how chocolate was enjoyed in Germany.

19TH CENTURY

Raimundo_Madrazo_-_Hot_Chocolate wikipedia large

By 1884-1885, when Raimundo Madrazo painted Hot Chocolate (above), Swiss chocolatiers had developed the milk chocolate bar, which melted in your mouth, without the need for elaborate rituals.

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